What is a Business Checking Account?
It's opened with the EIN of the LLC we are helping you with
Client and customer income gets deposited here first.
NOTE: Do not use your business checking account for personal transactions other than transferring money to your personal checking account. Stop using personal checking accounts for business transactions ASAP.
Am I a S Corp or a LLC?
Your LLC is a legal formation that is electing S Corp tax classification, but that is a mouthful so people often say "I'm an LLC based S Corp".
What is my S Corp election date?
The S Corp tax election date is the effective date listed on IRS Form 2553 Box E. Collective will work on your books from the first of the month of your Form 2553 Box E date.
From this date forward, the IRS will regard your business entity as a pass-through entity for tax purposes, and require you to report the S Corp business activity on its own Business Tax Return called the 1120s.
Any business activity before this date will be reported on the Schedule C of your Individual Tax Return called the 1040.
What are shareholder contributions?
Personal deposits of funds from the accounts of the shareholder (you!) to the business. These Contributions will increase the Shareholder's Basis in the company. This will be reflected on the Balance Sheet and will not be shown as income on the Profit & Loss Statement.
How do I Get Paid as a Shareholder?
The reasonable compensation or amount of money you would expect in exchange for the work you perform if you were doing it for another business of similar size. Beginning in the first calendar year, the reasonable compensation must be paid by the company to anyone working for the company (paid as paycheck) which will be reported on Form W2.
This amount varies based on geographic location, industry, experience, hours worked, and attribution of revenue to employees or contractors.
Collective will review the reasonable comp on a quarterly basis
To run first payroll, it should be funded via income and not personal funds (i.e. Shareholder Contributions). Therefore, the first payroll can be delayed if you’re still getting your business started, but reasonable compensation should still be paid during the first year.
Your Onboarding Accountant will help you run your first payroll via Gusto
Accountable Plan for Mixed-Use Purchases
There are mixed purchases that can be considered both personal and business (i.e. your home’s internet, utilities, rent/mortgage).
All of these expenses will be paid from your personal account
On a monthly or quarterly basis you’ll fill out the accountable plan, and the Total Employee Reimbursement Expense will be the amount you transfer from your business checking to personal checking
Don’t forget to upload the spreadsheet to your Member Dashboard, so we can categorize it as an expense rather than a Shareholder Distribution!
During your Training Call, your Onboarding Accountant will go over this article and the Reimbursements tab located in your Member Dashboard.
The disbursement of funds from the business account to the shareholders’ account (i.e. your personal checking account or your personal credit card payment)
Shareholder Distributions are not taxed. You pay tax on the business profits whether they are distributed or not. Distributions do, however, impact your shareholder basis. A negative shareholder basis can be subject to capital gains tax. For more information on shareholder basis, click here.
For more information on shareholder distributions, and how shareholder distributions are different than wages, click here.
Why do I have monthly payroll taxes and also quarterly estimated tax payments?
It is a common misconception that taxes are paid annually by some and monthly or quarterly by others. All taxes are due throughout the year.
As an employee, your income taxes are withheld and remitted to the IRS by the payroll provider (i.e. Gusto). As the owner of the company, you receive additional income in the form of business profit. These funds don't automatically have taxes withheld and remitted, so you must pay in the form of Estimated Tax Payments "quarterly".
The deadlines are April 15th, June 15th, September 15th, and January 15th, or the following business day.
See our QTE article on how the estimates are calculated or when you will receive the estimates from Collective.
How much should I set aside each month to have enough for the quarterly estimated payments?
As a reminder, your quarterly estimated payments are for your personal tax return, the 1040
We look at the net income of your S Corp, but your entire financial picture needs to be taken into account
Please consult with your Tax Advisor
There are two methods for calculating Estimated Tax Payments: (a) Safe Harbor or (b) Actual Tax
Safe Harbor is the payment of at least 90% of the taxes you owed last year, broken down by quarter
Calculating your Estimated Actual Tax is done with your "Effective Tax Rate". This is the rate after calculating your Adjusted Gross Income and applying your Marginal Tax Rate, and adding additional taxes or subtracting credits (that's why we suggest consulting with your Tax Advisor)
What tax return(s) will Collective file for me?
Collective will file your 1120-S and, if you've opted-in, your 1040.
A form 1120-S is the tax return form for businesses that are taxed as s-corps.
A form 1040 is the tax return for an individual (or married couple).
For any questions regarding timing of your tax return see here for an explanation of how to track the status of your tax return or email [email protected]
What are examples of Business vs. Personal Expenses?
Monthly Health Insurance Premiums
If you pay a monthly premium for medical, dental, or vision (and it’s under your name), it’s considered a business expense! There are a few exceptions like COBRA. You may be asking, “what if it’s under my name but I have my partner and/or dependents under the plan?” You can still include it as a business expense!
Prescriptions, copayments, OTC medications, etc. are not considered as a business expense.
For more information, see here. Your Onboarding Accountant can help you set this up in Gusto to reflect this as a benefit that your S Corp offers.
Meals & Entertainment
This Meals & Entertainment article will go into more detail, but beginning 1/1/2023, meals consumed whiled traveling overnight for business and meals with 2 parties involved (i.e. you and your client) can be paid using a business account and will be 50% deducted.
However, entertainment is 0%. What’s considered entertainment? This includes sporting events you go to with customers, golf memberships you pay to go golfing with customers, etc.
If your car is purchased in your business name AND it's 100% for business use, your car qualifies as a business vehicle. If it doesn't meet this criteria it would be considered personal vehicle which there are still deductions that you can write off like parking, tolls, and mileage. This article will go into more detail with the criteria & applicable deductions.
Home Office Expenses
These types of expenses will be paid via your personal account, but you will be able to reimburse yourself for the business portion. As discussed above, this will be included in your Accountable Plan for Mixed Use Purchases.
Chart of Accounts
We've created this Chart of Accounts article to go over the different accounts (or categories) Collective will use for your financial books as well as examples for each account.
What to Expect Going Forward?
Monthly Financial Statements
Profit & Loss Statement - Company’s revenues and expenses during a particular period (i.e. the month or March or the entire year)
Balance Sheet - A company’s assets, liabilities, and shareholder equity. Unlike the P&L, the Balance sheet will represent a point in time (i.e. Your Business Checking account balance as of June 30th). The balance sheet can show the transfer of money. For example, if you made a shareholder distribution, you’ll see your business checking account be reduced by the amount and shareholder distribution increase.
A few common examples of each type:
Assets - checking/saving accounts, & equipment/furniture.
Liabilities - loans & credit cards
Equity - Shareholder distributions, contributions, and capital stock (initial contribution amount)
Cash Flow Statement - shows the inflows and outflows of the Company’s cash in three different categories (operating, investing, and financing) during a period of time.
Quarterly Tax Estimates